Less than one in four directors is female – The Hollywood Reporter
For the European film industry, gender parity is still a long way off. Despite pledges from festivals, funding bodies and industry associations to work to close the gender gap, less than one in four directors in Europe is female, according to a new industry report.
A survey of teams who worked on European feature films produced and released in Europe between 2016 and 2020 found that women “only represented 23%” of all directors. Behind the camera, women made up just over a third (33%) of active producers and just under a third (27%) of screenwriters, according to the study published Tuesday by the European Observatory of the audiovisual (EAO).
The gender gap was most pronounced among cinematographers and film composers, where women represent only 9% and 10% of working professionals, respectively. Even on screen, there is a significant imbalance, with the EAO finding that women make up 39% of the leading roles in European films over the five-year period.
The presence of female directors was higher for documentary films, where women made up 29% of directors, compared to only 19% for live action fiction films and 16% for animated feature films.
Given the very public efforts in Europe to achieve 50/50 parity among filmmakers, the report’s figures are sobering and should give ammunition to those calling for more militant measures, including gender quotas for funding. movies.
Many of the most acclaimed European films of 2021 were directed by women, including Palme d’Or winner Julia Ducournau Titanium, the German candidate for the Oscars of Maria Schrader I am your man and Audrey Diwan’s abortion drama Event, which won the Golden Lion for Best Film at the Venice Film Festival. Quo Vadis, Aïda?, a feminine look at the Srebrenica massacre by Bosnian director Jasmila Zbanic, won the awards for Best Picture, Best Director and Best Actress (for star Jasna Djuricic) at the 2021 European Film Awards.
Many major European film festivals have also signed gender parity pledges, promising to try to achieve a 50/50 balance between male and female directors for films in their official selections.